Our bodies are made up of billions of living cells that are organized into tissues, organs, and systems. They work together in a synchronized harmonious way to create a living being, the human body. The brain controls the synchronization and communicates to the body via the nervous system. A subluxation is a misalignment of one or more vertebrae of the spinal column, and can cause an alteration in the nerve functions and interferes with the transmission of nerve impulses resulting in a decreased signal from the brain to a cell, tissue, organs or a system. In simple terms, the inability of the innate to express its maximum health potential.
This complex may include all or any combination of the following possibilities:
- Osseous (bone) component: this is an abnormal motion and/or position of the spinal vertebra. The vertebra is either less mobile (hypo-mobile) than it should be, or too mobile (hypermobile). Vertebrae that are hypo-mobile are often referred to as fixed or jammed. The vertebra that is hyper-mobile is often referred to as loose or unstable. Either way, there is an abnormal function and a decreased range of motion in the involved areas. It is the osseous component that applies pressure on the nerve roots as they egress the spine.
- Connective tissue component: muscles, ligaments, tendons, and/or fascia in the area of the adversely affected and their normal function is altered. The muscles may have spasms protecting the underlying structures or are too weak to perform the normal movement of the human skeleton. Ligaments can be stretched to the point that a joint loses it's integrity and cannot perform the motion it is intended to.
- Disc component: the cushion between the vertebrae, called the disc, may be affected by abnormal position or motion of the vertebral. This can place abnormal stress on the disc causing them to rip and tear, bulge or herniate putting pressure on the nerves as they egress the spine.
- Neurological component: a subluxation can cause compression or irritation of an associated nerve and/or cause interference with their normal function. In simple terms, the nerve is short-circuited or pinched.
- Altered biomechanics: this is when a subluxation causes the joints in the spinal column not to perform at its normal capacity. This abnormal function can lead to the abnormal movement or the lack of movement, spinal curvature being decreased and abnormal curvatures of the spine to develop, resulting in an unbalanced condition of the spine. This can lead to further additional abnormal functions of the muscles, tendons, ligaments, systems, and/or organs. Altered biomechanics is a precursor to degeneration of the spinal column.